Berman, David. ‘Berkeley’s Siris and the ‘Whiskey Patriots”, Eighteenth-century Ireland/Iris an dá chultúr, Vol. 1 (1986), pp 200-203.
In Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions Concerning Tar-water (1744), George Berkeley recommends tar-water as a universal panacea; but the work is also part of the author’s campaign against ‘pernicious’ spirits and ‘Whiskey patriots’. Berman discusses Berkeley’s curious belief in tar-water as a universal medicine and ‘healthy alternative to spirits’.